In most people who have been infected, a red, bulls-eye shaped rash develops within 30 days of the tick bite.1
Risk areas for Lyme Disease
Being bitten by an infected tick which carries the bacteria which cause Lyme Disease. Ticks are usually found in wooded, brushy, or grassy areas.2
Northern hemisphere countries from North America through Europe to Russia and China (see map). The number of Lyme disease cases is the highest in central and eastern Europe.2
Most people who have been infected develop an expanding, red, circular ‘bulls-eye’ rash around the bite. They may also have fatigue, fever, headache, mild stiff neck, and joint and muscle pain.2
Lyme disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics. If untreated, it may eventually cause arthritis and possibly also problems with the heart and nervous system.2
You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection:
- Visit your nearest convenient pharmacy or specialist travel health clinic for a risk assessment before your trip
- Avoid places – like long grass – where ticks live3,4
- Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin, DEET, PMD or OLE (oil of lemon eucalyptus), IR3535 or 2-undecanone3
- Wear appropriate clothing (e.g loose fitting long-sleeved clothes, long trousers, socks and shoes) to minimise exposed skin3
- Check every day for ticks on yourself, children and pets. Carefully remove any that you find using a tick remover or tweezers. Gently grip the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull it upwards without twisting or crushing. Then wash your skin with water and soap or an antiseptic.4
Ready to get started? Check now for your nearest travel health clinic.
Get vaccinations and friendly advice from the UK's largest network of travel clinics*.
* This list is not exhaustive and other travel health providers are available.
- European Centre for Disease Control. Factsheet about Borreliosis. March 2016. Available online: https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/borreliosis/facts/factsheet (Last accessed May 2023)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2024. Section 5 Travel-Associated Infections & Diseases. Lyme Disease. May 2023. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2024/infections-diseases/lyme-disease (Last accessed May 2023)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2024. Section 4 Environmental Hazards & Risks. Mosquitoes, Ticks & Other Arthropods. May 2023. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2024/environmental-hazards-risks/mosquitoes-ticks-and-other-arthropods (Last accessed May 2023)
- NHS Choices. Conditions. Lyme disease. July 2021. Available online: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/lyme-disease/ (Last accessed May 2023)
UK-BOTB-2100025 (v2.0) May 2023